Differences between Similar Animals

Here are the major differences between some of the common similar animals:

Leopard and Cheetah

(Panthera pardus)
(Acinonyx jubatus)
Large and muscular Tall and slender
Larger head Head is small in relation to its body
Rosette shaped spots covering whole body and face Single large spots like thumb prints.
It has white eye-linings at the bottom of the eyes It has tear lines which run from the eyes down to the sides of the mouth
All the claws are fully retractable Except the dew claw, none of its claws are retractable
In addition, Cheetah’s tail is flat towards its end to help it while running, its nostrils are large in size to allow maximum oxygen in-take for their muscles, while running at high speeds. The non-retractable claws give the Cheetah a firm grip on the ground.

African and Asian elephant

African elephant
(Loxodonta africana)
Asian elephant
(Elephas maximus)
Weight :4000 – 7000 kg Weight: 3000 – 6000 kg
Highest point: Shoulder Highest point: Back
Bigger ears reach upto the neck Smaller ears
Both sexes have tusks with males having bigger Females have rudimentary or no tusks


African and Asiatic Lion

African Lion
(Panthera leo)
Asiatic Lion
(Panthera leo persica)
Weight :330 – 500 pounds Weight: 350 – 420 pounds
Mane: Thicker mane Mane: lesser than African lion, hence ears are visible always
Tail: shorter than Asiatic lion Tail: longer tail with longer tail tuft
Almost all African lions lack the longitudinal fold of skin that runs along the belly of Asiatic lions. The most distinguishing feature of Asiatic lion is the longitudinal fold of skin that runs along the belly
Habitat: Sub-saharan Africa Gir forest of Gujarat


Raven and Crow

Raven Crow
Raven is larger about the size of a hawk Smaller about the size of a pigeon
Wedge-shaped tail Fan-shaped tail
Call is hoarse and croaking Call is nasal and high pitched
Prefers wild areas for habitat Lives closer to human habitats


Crocodile and Alligator

Crocodile Alligator
Long, narrow V shaped snouts Wide U-shaped snouts
Upper and Lower jaws are of same width Upper jaw is wider than lower jaw
Teeth of both the jaws are exposed in interlocking pattern Teeth of only upper jaw are exposed
Crocodile is nearly olive brown in colour Alligator is almost black in colour
Both crocodiles and alligators found around the world. The gharial, which has a much narrower snout than other species in this order is found only in India.


Tortoise and Turtle

Tortoise Turtle
Dwells mostly on land Dwells mostly in water
Has dome shaped shells Has flat, streamlined shells
Short feet with bent legs Webbed feet with long claws
Lifespan is upto 150 years Lifespan is upto 40 years


Ape and Monkey

Ape Monkey
Lives at least sometimes on ground Lives almost entirely on trees
Does not have tail Has tail
Brain size is large Brain size is small
Upright posture, humans are entirely bipedal Quadrupedal (walk on four limbs)
Can live upto 60 years Can live upto 30 years
Only around 23 species known Hundreds of species known
Examples: Gibbon, Gorilla, Orangutan, Chimpanzee, Bonobo, Humans Examples: Monkey, Langur, Mandrill, Macaque, Baboon, Marmoset, Tamarin etc.


Doves and Pigeons

Both doves and pigeons belong to the same family of birds called Columbidae.

The difference between doves and pigeons lies in their size.

  1. Doves are smaller and some weigh as less as 22 grams while pigeons are large birds may weight upto 4 kg.
  2. Doves have pointed tails while pigeons have rounded tails.

Eagle and Hawk

Eagles are larger in size when compared to hawks, they have longer wingspan and also are more powerful.

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