Abbreviations

AAFI Amateur Athletics Federation of India
AAPSO Afro-Asian People’s Solidarity Organisation
AASU All Assam Students Union
ABM Anti Ballistic Missile
AC Alternate Current OR Air Conditioner
ACC Ancillary Cadet Core
AD Ano Domini (After the birth of Jesus)
ADB Asian Development Bank.
AERE Atomic Energy Research Establishment
AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
AICC All India Congress Committee
AICTE All India Council of Technical Education
AIDS Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
AIDWA All India Democratic Women’s Association.
AIFE All India Football Federation
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIL Aeronautics India Limited
AIMPLB All India Muslim Personal Law Board
AIR All India Radio (Broadcasting)
AITUE All India Trade Union Congress
AM Anti Meridian (Before Noon)
ANC African National Congress
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEDAA Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act.
APSC Army Postal Services Core
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASI Archaeological Survey of India
ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (India)
ASWAC Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
ATS Anti Tetanus Serum
B Pharma Bachelor of Pharmacy
BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BC Before Christ (Before the birth of Jesus)
BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India
BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin (Anti TB Vaccine)
BEL Bharat Electronics Limited
BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
BFC Business Facilitation Council.
BHEL Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
BIFR Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction (Formerly Industrial Reconstruction Finance Board)
BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic Cooperation
BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
BRIC Brazil, Russia, India, China.
BRSP Bhartiya Rashtrawadi Samanta Party.
BRTS Bus Rapid Transit System.
BSF Border Security Force
BVRAAM Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile
CAD Command Area Development
CAG Comptroller and Auditor General
CAMPA Compensatory Afforestation Management and Planning Authority.
CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
CASE Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
CBEC Central Board of Excise and Customs.
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
CBSE Central. Board of Secondary Education
CCEA Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.
CCS Cabinet Committee on Security
C-DAC Centre For Development of Advance Computing
C-DAP Comprehensive District Agriculture Plan.
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CDRI Central Drug Research Institute
CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CIDS Construction Industry Development Council.
CIET Central Institute of Educational Technology.
CIRDAP Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and Pacific.
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CISF Central Industrial Security Force
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CJP Citizen for Justice and Peace.
CLAT Common Law Admission Test.
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
COBSE Council of Boards of School Education.
COD Central Ordnance Depot
COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act
CPO Central Passport Organisation
CPRI Central Power Research Institute
CRPF Central Reserve Police Force
CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
CRRID Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development.
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CSO Central Statistical Organisation
CSTO Collective Security Treaty Organisation.
CTS Computerised Tomography Scanner
CVC Central Vigilance Commission
CVERDE Combat Vehicles Engineering Research and Development Establishment.
D. Lit. Doctor of Literature
DDPA Durban Declaration and Programme of Action.
DDT Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
DFDR ‘Digital Flight Data Recorder (Black box)’
DIG Deputy Inspector General
DIPP Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
DM District Magistrate
DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
DNA Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
DPAP ‘Drought Prone Area Programme
DPC Dabhol Power Company
DPCC Delhi Pollution Control Committee.
DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation
DSIIDC Delhi State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation.
DTH Direct to Home
DVD Digital Versatile Disk
EAS Employment Assurance Scheme
EBTC European Business and Technology.
ECB External Commercial Borrowing.
ECD European Central Bank
ECG Electro Cardiogram
EDI Education Development Index.
EEC European Economic Community
EEG Electro Encephalogram
EGOM Empowered Group of Ministers.
ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
EMBO European Molecular Biology Organisation.
EMF Electromotive Force
EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
EPFO Employee’s Provident Fund Organisation.
EPIC Elector’s Photo Identity Card.
EPZ Export Processing Zone
EQUIS European Quality Improvement System.
ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
ESA Explosive Substance Act.
ESCAR Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific.
ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
ESOA Education Services for Overseas Students Act.
EVM Electronic Voting Machine
EXIM Bank Export-Import Bank of India
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
FATF Financial Action Task Force.
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
FCI Food Corporation of India / Fertilizer Corporation of India
FDR Flight Data Recorder (Black Box)
FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
FIA Federal Investigation Agency.
FICCI Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FIR First Information Report
FOGSI Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Societies of India.
FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
FTII Films and Television Institute of India
FTZ Free Trade Zone
GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
GATT General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
GFDRR Global Facility For Disaster Reduction and Recovery.
GIC General Insurance Corporation
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front
GNP Gross National Product
GPF General Provident Fund
GPO General Post Office
GPS Global Positioning System.
GSI Geological Survey of India
HAC Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
HCF Highest Common Factor
HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation
HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
HMT Hindustan Machine Tools
HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
HYVS High Yield Variety Seeds
IAAI International Airport Authority of India
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
IBEX Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission.
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
ICC International Chamber of Commerce.
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
ICJ International Court of Justice
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics.
ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection.
ICSI Indian Company Secretaries Institute
ICWF Indian Community Welfare Fund.
IDA International Development Agency
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
IDO International Defence Organisation
IDP Internally Displaced Persons.
IDPL Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
IEDSS Inclusive Education of the Diasbled at Secondary Stage.
IFA Indian Football Association
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development.
IFCI Industrial Finance Corporation of India
IFFCO Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
IFFI International Film Festival of India
IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions
IGCAR Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research.
IGMDP Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.
IID Indian Institute of Diabetes.
IIFCL India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited.
IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
IIS Indian Institute of Sciences
IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
IIT Indian Institute of Technology
ILEWG International Lunar Exploration Working Group.
ILO International Labour Organisation
IMA Indian Military Academy
IMB International Maritime Bureau.
IMEI International Mobile Equipment Identity.
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMRH Indian Multi Role Helicopter.
INCOIS Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services.
INGCA Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
INS Indian Naval Ship
INSAT Indian National Satellite
INST Institute of Nano Science and Technology.
INTACH Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage.
INTELSAT International Telecommunication Satellite
INTERPOL International Police Organisation
INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
IOC International Olympic Committee / Indian Oil Corporation
IPC Indian Penal Code
IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force
IQ Intelligence Quotient
IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IRC International Red Cross
IRDA Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
IRNSS The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.
ISB Indian Standard Bureau
ISC Integrated Space Cell.
ISM Indian School of Mines
ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
ISP Internet Services Provider
ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
ISSA India Specific Safeguards Agreement.
ISSM International Society for Sexual Medicine.
IST Indian Standard Time
ISTP International Society of Tropical Paediatrics.
ISTRAC Isro Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network.
ITBP Indo-Tibet Border Police
ITDC Indian Tourism Development Corporation
ITO International Trade Organisation
ITPO Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
ITUC Indian Trade Union Congress
IUCAA Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics.
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature.
JEM Justice and Equality Movement.
JMM Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
JNNURM Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission.
JUCCCE Joint US-China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
KG Kinder Garten
LAC Live Action Cockpit.
LASER Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LHC The Large Hadron Collider.
LIC Life Insurance Corporation of India
LLB Bachelor of Law
LLM Master of Law
LMG Light Machine Gum
LoAC Line of Actual Control (China)
LoC Line of Control (Pakistan)
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
LSGIs Local Self-Governing Institutions.
LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
MA Master of Arts
MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
MBA Master of Business Administration
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBT Main Battle Tank
MCA Monetary Compensatory Allowance / Master of Computer Application
MCC Melbourne Cricket Club
MD Doctor of Medicine
MFN Most Favoured Nation
MI Military Intelligence
MIP Moon Impact Probe.
MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act
MIT Mechachusates Institute of Technology (USA)
MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
MLC Member of Legislative Council
MMIC Multipurpose National Identity Card.
MNC Multi National Corporation
MODVAT Modified Value Added Tax
MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians
MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgeons
MRMR Medium Range Maritime Reconnaissance.
MRTPC Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
MSME Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
NABARD National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
NABI National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute.
NACIL National Aviation Company of India Limited.
NACO National AIDS Control Organisation
NAEP National Adult Education Programme
NAFED National Agricultural and Marketing Federation
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAPP Narora Atomic Power Plant
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
NASDAQ National Association of Security Dealer’s Active Quotation
NASSCOM National Association of Software & Service Companies
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NBER National Bureau of Economic Research.
NCCR National Council for Civil Right
NCERT National Council of Educational Research & Training
NCEUS National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector.
NCHAC North Cachar Hills Autonomous Council.
NCHER National Commission for Higher Education and Research.
NCHRC National Council for Human Resource in Health.
NCPCR National Commission for Protection of Child Right.
NCW National Commission for Women
NDA National Defence Academy
NDDB National Dairy Development Board
NDF National Defence Fund.
NEERI National Environment Engineering Research Institute
NEFA North-East Frontier Agency
NEPA National Environment Protection Authority
NFDC National Film Development Corporation
NFL National Fertilizer Limited
NHRC National Human Rights Commission
NICO New Information and Communication Order
NIDC National Industrial Development Corporation
NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences
NITIE National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering
NJC National Judicial Council.
NLD National League for Democracy.
NMDS National Missile Defence System (US)
NMEP National Malaria Eradication Programme
NOIDA New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
NPC National Productivity Council
NPCIL Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd.
NPP National Population Policy
NPS New Pension System.
NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
NRCAF National Research Centre for Agro-Forestry.
NRDC National Research and Development Corporation
NREP National Rural Employment Programme
NRHM National Rural Health Mission.
NRI Non Resident Indian
NSC National Security Council
NSSK Navjaat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram.
NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
NSTEDB National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board.
NTC National Textile Corporation
NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
NUEPA National University of Educational Planning and Administration.
NUTP National Urban Transport Policy.
OECD The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
OGL Open General Licence
OIL Oil India Limited
OK All Correct
ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission
OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCE Organisation of Security and Cooperation in Europe.
PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration.
PCI Press Council of India
PCS Provincial Civil Services
PEAIS Panchayatiraj Empowerment and Accountability Incentive System.
Ph. D Doctor of ‘Philosophy
PHWRs Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors.
PIARC Permanent International Association of Road Congresses.
PIN Postal lndex Number
PLO Palestine Liberation Organisation
PM Post Meridian / Prime Minister
POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act
PRO Public Relations Officer
PSLV Polar. Satellite Launch Vehicle
PTC Power Trading Corporation.
PTI Press Trust of India
PTO Please Turn Over
PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride / Paramvir Chakra
PVSM Param Vishisht Seva Medal
PWD Public Work’s Department
PWG People’s War Group
QED Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be proved)
QEF Quod Erat Faciendum (Which was to be done)
QEI Quod Erat Inveniendum (Which was to be found)
QMG Quarter Master General
R & D Research and Development
RADAR Radio Angle Direction and Range
RAW Research and Analysis Wing
RBI Reserve Bank of India
RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
RDX Research Developed Explosive
RGGVY Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojna.
RIMC Rashtriya Indian Military College
RLEGP Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
RMS Railway Mail Service
RMSA Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan.
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
RPM Revolutions Per Minute
RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
RTO Regional Transport Officer
SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SAC Space Application Centre
SAFMA South Asia Free Media Association.
SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Agreement
SAI Sports Authority of India
SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
SARPSCO South Asia Regional Port Security Cooperative.
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SASS Sri Amarnath Sangharsh Samiti.
SC Security Council/Supreme Court
SCI Shipping Corporation of India
SCJRC South Asian Centre for Journalists Reporting Conflict.
SCOPE Standing Conference of Public Enterprises
SCRA Special Class Railway Apprentice
SDIS Skill Development Initiative Scheme.
SDR Special Drawing Rights
SEBI Security Exchange Board of India
SEWA Self Employed Women’s Association.
SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
SHAR Shri Harikota Range
SHE Scholarship for Higher Education.
SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
SIS Secret Intelligence Service (U.K)
SITA Suppression of .Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act
SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
SMEs Small and Medium Enterprises.
SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals
SPICMC Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical music and culture
SRI System for Rice Intensification.
STARS Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
STD Subscribers Trunk Dialing
STPF Special Tiger Protection Force.
STPI Software Technology Parks of India
SWAPO South West African People’s Organisation
TA Travelling Aliowance / Territorial Anmy
TAR Trans-Asian Railway.
TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
TELEX Teleprinter Exchange
THAAD Theatre High Attitude Area Defence.
TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited
TNT Tri-nitro-toluene
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
TRIPS Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TTE Travelling Ticket Examiner
TTFI Table Tennis Federation of India
TWA Trans World Airlines (USA)
UASL Unified Access Service License.
UDC Upper Division Clerk
UFO Unidentified Flying Object
UGC University Grants Commission
UHT Ultra High Temperature
ULFA United Liberation Front of Assam
UNASUR Union of South American Nations (Spanish: Unión de Naciones Suramericanas)
UNCBD United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.
UNCLOS UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDF United Nations Democracy Front.
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNEF United Nations Emergency Force
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organisation
UNFPA United Nations for Population Activities
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees
UNI United News of India
UNICEF United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organisation.
UNO United Nations Organisation
UNRWA The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (For Palestinian refugees).
UNSCEAR United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation
UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
UPSC Union Public Service Commission
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
UTI Unit Trust of India
VAT Value Added Tax
VC Vice-Chancellor / Victoria Cross
VDIS Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
VIP Very Important Person
VPP Value Payable Post
VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
WEF World Economic Forum
WHO World Health Organisation
WILL Wireless in Local Loop
WMO World Meteorological Organisation
WPI Wholesale Price Index
WTO World Trade Organisation
WWF World Wild Life Fund
WWW World Wide Web
YMCA Young Men’s Christians Association
YWCA Young Women’s Christians Association
ZBB Zero Based Budgeting
ZSI Zoological Survey of India

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