Facts about India

  • Fundamental Rights to Indian Citizens

Right to Equality

Right to Freedom

Right against Exploitation

Right to Freedom of Religion

Cultural and Educational Rights

Right to Constitutional Remedies

  • The Constitution of India containing 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 118 amendments.
  • Ashok Stambh, the National Emblem of India has four Asiatic lions standing back to back. It symbolizes power, courage, pride, and confidence. Below the four lions, an elephant (of the east), a horse (of the south), a bull (of the west), and a lion (of the north). The animals are separated by wheels known as Dharma Chakras. The four animals were originally supposed to represent the four stages in the life of the Buddha.
  • Neelam Sanjiva Reddy is the only person to be elected to the office of the President of India unopposed.At 64year, 67 days, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy became the youngest ever person to be elected as President of India.
  • Rajiv Gandhi at the age of 40 years, 72 days became the youngest Prime Minister of India.
  • India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
  • Amar Jawan Jyoti was inaugurated by Mrs Indira Gandhi on 23rd republic day after India-Pakistan War.
  • Rashtrapati Bhavan has 4 floors and 360 rooms.
  • President Sukarno, Indonesia was the first chief guest in Indian Republic Day, 1950.
  • The Madras Regiment is the oldest exiting regiment in the Indian army formed in the 1750s.
  • Ashoka Chakra has 24 spokes.
Ashoka Chakra

Ashoka Chakra

  • In the National Flag of India, the saffron color represents courage and sacrifice;white color represent truth, peace and purity; green color represent prosperity and the Ashok Chakra represents the Laws of Dharma.
  • Everest is named after Sir George Everest, a Welsh surveyor, geographer and Surveyor General of India from 1830 to1843.
  • The highest post office in the world is in Hikkim, Himachal Pradesh, India at a height of 15,500 ft (4,700 m) (postal code172114).
  • Kumbh Mela held every third year at one of the four places by rotation: Haridwar, Allahabad, Nasik and Ujjain.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover in India at 77,700 square km.
  • Uttar Pradesh (35,148,377) has the largest Scheduled Caste population.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the state with maximum number of districts in India. It has a total of 70 districts.
  • Kachchh, Gujarat is the largest Districts of India by Territorial Area 45652 sq. km.
  • India Gate is 42 metre tall.
  • Rajiv Gandhi was the first Occupants of 7, Race Course Road the official residence of the Prime Minister of India.
  • Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling is the longest servingChief Minister of any state of India, served as the Chief Minister of Sikkim for more than 20 years.
  • Ganga is the longest and Brahmaputra is the widest river in India.
  • Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations in the words as the Government may authorise as occasion arises; and the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it.” (Constituent Assembly of India 1950).
  • The country’s exact size is subject to debate because some borders are disputed. The Indian government lists the total area as 3,287,260 km2 (1,269,220 sq mi) and the total land area as 3,060,500 km2 (1,181,700 sq mi); the United Nations lists the total area as 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi) and total land area as 2,973,190 km2 (1,147,960 sq mi).” (Library of Congress 2004).
  • The Government of India also regards Afghanistan as a bordering country, as it considers all of Kashmir to be part of India. However, this is disputed, and the region bordering Afghanistan is administered by Pakistan.
  • The northernmost point under Indian control is the disputed Siachen Glacier in Jammu and Kashmir; however, the Government of India regards the entire region of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, including the Gilgit-Baltistan administered by Pakistan, to be its territory. It therefore assigns the longitude 37° 6′ to its northernmost point.
  • Hindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union. English is an additional language for government work.
  • Around a 100 million years ago, India was an island.
  • India’s name is derived from the “Indus” river.
  • Indus Valley Civilisation is the world’s oldest civilisation.
  • India, hence, is the world’s oldest, most advanced and continuous civilisation.
  • India has been the largest troop contributor to the United Nations Peacekeeping Missions since its inception.
  • India has the world’s third largest active army, after China and USA.
  • The Tirupati Balaji temple and the Kashi Vishwanath Temple both, receive more visitors than the Vatican City and Mecca combined.
Tirupati Balaji Temple

Tirupati Balaji Temple

  • Every 12 years, a religious gathering called the Kumbh Mela occurs in India. It is the world’s largest gathering of people.The gathering is so large that the Kumbh Mela is visible from the space.
  • Varanasi is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
  • India has more mosques (300,000 mosques) than any other nation in the world and the third largest Muslim population in the world.
  • Takshila is said to be the first every university in the world; it started around 700 BC.Today, India has the world’s largest school in terms of students, the City Montessori School in Lucknow. It has more than 45 thousand students.
  • Indian Railways employs more than 1.3 million people. That’s more than the population of many nations.
  • More than 54 crore people voted in the 2014 General Election – more people than the population of USA, UK, Australia and Japan combined.
  • Number of births in India every year is more than the total population of Australia, and many other nations.
  • India has the largest English speaking population in the world.
  • At an estimate, 25% of the total workforce of the world’s population will be from India in the next year or so.
  • India’s first rocket was brought on cycle and a satellite on bullock cart. Despite budgetary constraints, India’s space program is one of the top 5 space programs in the world.
India's first rocket

India’s first rocket

  • In 2004, 200 women took law in their own hands and came to the court armed with vegetable knives and chilli powder and murdered on the court floor a serial rapist – Akku Yadav. Then every woman claimed responsibility for the murder.
  • English Actor Sir Ben Kingsley’s birth name is Krishna Pandit Bhanji and he is of Indian descent.
  • Lonar Lake, a saltwater lake in Maharashtra, was created by a meteor hitting the Earth and is one of its kind in India.
  • In a village called Shani Shingnapur in Maharashtra, people have been living in houses with no doors for generations. This is because they believe that whoever steals anything from this place will incur the wrath of Shani God and will have to pay for his/her sins very dearly. There is no police station in this village either.
  • Magnetic Hill is a gravity hill located near Leh in Ladakh, India. The hill is alleged to have magnetic properties strong enough to pull cars uphill and force passing aircraft to increase their altitude in order to escape magnetic interference.
  • Viswanathan Anand is the first player in chess history to have won the World Championship in three different formats: knockout, tournament, and match.
Viswanathan Anand

Viswanathan Anand

  • Chess, buttons, the ruler, shampoo was invented in India. We discovered the number zero, value of pi, trigonometry, algebra, calculus, cataract surgery, plastic surgery, diamond mining and water on the moon.
  • Until 1986, the only place where diamonds had been officially found was in India.
  • India has banned all captive dolphins, stating that dolphins should be viewed of non-human persons.
  • India’s tech capital, Bangalore, has increased its office supply by six times since 2006, and now has more Grade A offices than Singapore.
  • India is the largest producer of films in the world.
  • India is the largest milk producer in the world.
  • India leads the world with the most murders (32,719) per year, with Russia taking second at28,904 murders per year.
  • To avoid polluting the elements (fire, earth, water, air), followers of Zoroastrianism in India don’t bury their dead, but instead leave bodies in buildings called “Towers of Silence” for the vultures to pick clean. After the bones dry, they are swept into a central well.
  • Karmanasa River in India is considered to be a cursed river and it is believed that touching its water would ruin one’s plans. There’s hardly any development along this river. People around this river just eat dry fruits because cooking food would require water.
  • Two major religions, Buddhism and Jainism, were established in India.
  • Chail in Himachal Pradesh is the highest cricket pitch in the world. It is situated at an elevation of 2444 meters (above the sea level).
  • The India Pakistan World Cup semi final match in Mohali drew 150 million viewers worldwide.
  • The first Granite Temple of the world, the Brihadeswara Temple is situated in Tamil Nadu. It was built during the 11th century, in only five years.
Brihadeshwara Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu

Brihadeshwara Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu

  • Around the 17th century, India was one of the richest countries in the world.
  • Today, India is the world’s third largest economy.
  • India is one of the only three countries that makes supercomputers (the US and Japan are theother two).
  • The world’s largest road network is in India—over 1.9 million miles of roads cover the country.
  • India has the largest amount of vegetarians in the world.
  • Chai is India’s national drink.


  • India grows 1.2 million tons of mangoes every year, weight equivalent to 80,000 blue whales.
  • The state of Meghalaya is the wettest inhabited place of earth.
  • India gave the world Yoga that has existed for more than 5,000 years.
  • May 26 is celebrated as the Science Day in Switzerland in honour of former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, because on the day, Kalam visited the country.
  • Martial Arts was first created in India.
  • The world’s biggest family lives in India. One man, 39 wives and 94 children.
  • India is the world’s largest importer of arms.But India has never invaded or attacked a country.

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