Facts about Crops in India

Here are important facts about crops grown in India

The crop which requires water-logging for its cultivation Rice
The crop best suited in areas where rain falls only for two months Pulses
The ideal crop for areas with rainfall above 200 cm and sloping hills Tea
The crop which requires a large amount of rainfall and no standing water Tea
The plants which are best for biological nitrogen fixation of the soil Legumes
The crops grown for sale in the market (as against consumption by the farmer) are known as Cash crops

Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Crops

Crop Period Major Crops
Kharif June to October Rice, millets
Rabi November to March Wheat, barley, mustard
Zaid March to June Water melon, cucumber, musk melon, sugarcane
Kharif means autumn in Arabic and kharif crops are harvested in winter, Rabi means spring in Arabic and rabi crops are harvest in spring (March)

Crops in India

The crop which is sown in largest area in India Rice (43.9 million hectares as per 2013-14 estimates)
The crop whose production is the largest in India Sugarcane (348.4 million tonnes as per 2013-14 estimates)
The cereal crop whose production is the largest in India Rice (106.3 million tonnes as per 2013-14 estimates)
The agricultural produce which has the highest percentage share of imports Edible Oil (about 68% of imports of food and allied products)
The agricultural produce which has the highest percentage share of exports Rice

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