Formation of Soil

Type of Soil How it is formed
Alluvial Soil By silt deposition brought by rivers.
Black Soil By weathering of lava deposits on the Deccan Plateau.
Red and Yellow Soil By weathering old crystalline or metamorphic rocks.
Laterite Soil Due to leaching by heavy rains and destruction of humus by bacteria.
Arid Soil By weathering of rocks in dry conditions.
Saline Soil By salt deposition by tides, rivers or sea breeze.
Peaty Soil Due to accumulation of larges amounts of organic matter in the soil.

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