National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation of reliant species.
Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of July 2015, there were 103 national parks encompassing an area of 40,500 km2 (15,600 sq mi), comprising 1.23% of India’s total surface area.
Some important National Parks in India are given below:
Jim Corbett National Park, India’s first national park was established in 1936. Today, India is home to more than 166 authorised national parks. The Kaziranga National Park in Assam is extremely famous for its Rhinos. The forest and wild life sanctuary areas, which fall on the borders of states, are protected for security reasons. The map of the national park can help to identify the wildlife sanctuary in every state. There are five major national parks, which can help you to get a closer look at any kind of wildlife.
Jim Corbett National Park
India’s one of the first and well-known national parks for tigers, Jim Corbett is located in Uttarakhand. The park has a large area, which is divided into five zones. The Jim Corbett National Park map can help you to go around safely and without getting lost inside the forest. First zone, Jhirna, is open to public all year round and other zones are closed during monsoon. The elephant safari inside the park is exciting and gives a close and safe trip inside the dense preservatory. There are cabins inside the forest and the reserve around the Dhikala zone is one of the best spots to enjoy wildlife.
Kanha National Park
Located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Kanha National Park is a dense and rich area of bamboo forests with beautiful lakes, running streams and wide grasslands. It is a large park and is known for research and conservation programmes to preserve many endangered species like white tiger and hippos. The Kanha National Park map at the information centre can guide you to the nearest safari, cabins, lakes and locations around the park.
Bandhavgarh National Park
It is located in Madhya Pradesh, and is best for its scenic surroundings and has the highest population of tigers than any other park in India. The Bandhavgarh National Park map for the forest helps you to get through the dense and eye-capturing valleys and beautiful rocky terrain and an ancient fort. Without a map or a local guide, the way to the forest is quite difficult but it’s one of the best locations to spot tigers and a variety of birds and wildlife.
Ranthombare National Park
It is located in Eastern Rajasthan at the junction between the Aravali Hill ranges and the Vindhyan plateau. The Ranthombare National Park map available in the information centre guides you through the forest and 10th century fort amidst the cliffs. It serves as a rich heritage of various plants and animals.
Sunderbans National Park
Sunderbans in West Bengal is a dense mangrove forest which is a unique and magnificent place to visit. It includes 54 islands and extends to the nearby country, Bangladesh. It is a wide swamp which can be explored only using boats. It is a refuge for migrating birds and a reserve for rare and preserved wildlife. The Sunderbans National Park map is significant in guiding you through these forests.
List of National Parks in India