Types of Farming

Subsistence Farming
  • Small land holdings
  • Use of primitive tools and methods
  • Lack of fertilisers and high yielding varieties of seeds
  • Most of the yield is consumed by the family
Intensive Farming
  • Mechanised agriculture
  • Use of advanced fertilisers
  • Use of high yielding variety of seeds
  • Profit oriented agriculture
Shifting Agriculture
  • Practised mostly by tribals
  • Forest land is cleared by felling of trees and burning
  • Crops are then grown till the fertility of soil decreases
  • The land is then abandoned and a new piece of land is selected.
  • Known as jhum in Assam and Podu in Odisha.

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